Black Dots (Spots) on Teeth
Table of Contents
What Are Black Dots on Teeth?
They are most frequently encountered at the tooth`s base, in the cervical area near the gum. They may appear as black spots or dots or even as a black line. They may appear both on the facial side as well as on the occlusal surface of teeth.
A black spot on teeth may affect both baby teeth and permanent ones. This issue may start during childhood reaching its peak at puberty, sometimes being able to be noticed even at young adults.
Black Spots on Teeth – Aetiology
These black stains on a tooth are the result of anaerobic chromogenic bacteria. These spots represent in fact ferrous deposits formed after a chemical interaction produced at the base of the tooth between hydrogen sulfide and iron content in saliva. Hydrogen sulfide forms following the action of anaerobic bacteria, actinomycetes, which are producing hydrogen. The percentage of hydrogen released may vary from one person to another. Given a normal diet, iron is found in saliva or is released by red blood cells in case of bleeding gums.
After numerous studies, it was concluded that these anaerobic bacteria may colonize the children`s mouth even before teething. The amount of these bacteria may increase in puberty due to the influence of sexual hormones. It seems that these bacteria may be transmitted even from a parent to his child.
The tendency of calcification of these colorings is due to calcium and phosphorus, elements which contribute to the decrease of the enamel demineralization and increase the buffer capacity of saliva. Saliva has the ability to neutralize the acids produced by bacteria. This characteristic is known as buffer capacity of saliva. A diet rich in calcium, inorganic phosphorus as well as protein increase the buffer capacity of saliva, and an increased consumption of carbohydrates leads to the decreasing of this capacity of saliva and simultaneously to a decrease in calcification stain.
A black spot on teeth is a form of plaque characterized by bacterial flora tendency to calcification. This of plaque contains a salt which is insoluble of iron with a high content of calcium and inorganic phosphorus. – Read more!
Black colorations don`t affect the vitality of teeth, but they are very unsightly. Paedodontics play an important role in diagnosing and advising parents about this pathology.
What Causes Demineralization of Teeth?
Acids demineralize the structure of teeth by dissolving phosphorus, calcium and so on. This type of enamel erosion will usually lead to cavities in your tooth. Demineralized surfaces are generally adherent and porous, so they become vulnerable to bacteria growth which in turn will cause dental decay or cavities.
- Bad brushing methods.
- Body changes.
- Improper diet.
- Poor hygiene.
What Is Tooth Decay?
Tooth decay represents the destruction of the tooth enamel, meaning the outer layer of the tooth. This can often be an issue for adults or teenagers, but also children. Plaque, which is a sticky film of bacteria, will form on the tooth in a constantly manner. If you drink beverages or eat foods which contain sugar, the bacteria in plaque will produce acids which can attack tooth enamel.
Can You Reverse Tooth Decay?
In conclusion, dark spots on teeth represent a benign pathology. It doesn`t affect the vitality of teeth, being demonstrating even that they have a protective effect by reversing tooth decay. Still, these calcifications may lead to the occurrence or worsening of periodontal disease.
One thing is certain – black dots on teeth are quite unaesthetic and they may even affect the social life of children or teenagers.
Why Are my Teeth Turning Brown?
This may a symptom of tooth decay, also known as enamel demineralization or caries, but they may very well be superficial stains produced by tobacco, coffee or food additives. If you fail to do regular dental restorations, like crowns or fillings, you may pick up stains at the tooth margins.
Brown spots that are located deep within teeth are called intrinsic stains, and they are frequently caused by antibiotics when teeth are still in the forming stage. Intrinsic stains may be produced by consuming fluoride in excess or other events which may interrupt the regular formation of tooth structure, such as childhood injuries or illness. – Check this out!
Are All Cavities Black?
If the decay will become sufficiently large, parts of teeth my break off, leaving behind visible holes, and then teeth might become rather sensitive to biting pressure. Other symptoms may be bad taste in the mouth or bad breath. Cavities in the front part of the tooth are usually the easiest to notice and may sometimes seem like a black spot. Often, cavities cannot be seen without an X-ray.
Black Spot on Teeth: How to Remove?
Black dots on tooth can easily remove using an ultrasonic scaling machine followed by brushing with abrasive paste. This type of treatment is performed once every 6 months. After this hygienic method, we recommend applying a fluoride varnish for promoting remineralization of tooth enamel.
If certain preventive measures aren`t taken, these stains tend to reappear. The main cause of recurrence represents poor oral hygiene. Both parents as well as the child need to be informed about the importance of making a correct tooth brush.