The World of Pregnancy

Birth Defects

Spina Bifida: Types, Symptoms, Diagnosis & Treatment!

Most spinal cord abnormalities are caused by the abnormal closure of neural envelopes at weeks 3 and 4 of pregnancy. The malformations that are produced, known as neural tube defects, can affect the meninges, teguments, vertebrae and muscles. The severe neural tube defects, which involve neural and non-neural structures, occur at around 1/1.000 births. However, the incidence may vary depending on the population studied and may reach up to 1/100 births in certain areas, such as the northern part of China.

Spina Bifida

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