Which of the Following STDs Can Be Treated with Antibiotics
Sexually transmitted diseases, also known as STDs or venereal diseases, are infectious caused by microorganisms that can be transmitted from one person to another through sexual activity and intimate contact. Experts estimate almost half of STD related cases occur in people between 15 and 24 years old.
Since a lot of STDs have little or no symptoms, it may be possible for a person to have an infection and infect other people without even knowing. For this particular reason, it`s highly important that screening for these infections to ensure early detection and immediate treatment. Tests for STDs are recommended as part of routine testing for sexually active teenagers and young adults, as well as older adults who are in the risk category.
If left untreated, STDs have significant consequences in the long run. They may lead to infertility in both sexes. In women, STDs may lead to pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), which increases the risk of infertility and ectopic pregnancy. An STD – especially HPV – also increases the risk of cervical cancer. Additionally, women who are pregnant or who are planning a pregnancy should be aware that untreated STDs can lead to serious complications to the newborn. Screening tests for several of these sexually transmitted diseases are now an important part of routine prenatal care.
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Which of the Following STDs Can Be Treated with Antibiotics
When dealing with sexually transmitted diseases isn`t only important to know which are the causes and symptoms, but also what drugs do you need to treat them. And because the subject today is whether or not we can use antibiotics of some of these STDs, we`ll highlight these aspects in particular.
According to most recent studies, Chlamydia is the most frequently reported bacterial STD. The infection is caused by the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis and is often known as cervicitis; although this infection is very common, most people aren`t aware they are infected. This infection can easily be cured with antibiotics, but can have serious health consequences if not treated accordingly.
Gonorrhea is caused by the bacterium Neisseria gonorrhoeae. It might not show any signs, especially among women, but it may lead to infertility and other serious complications, if it isn`t treated with antibiotics.
Syphilis is another bacterial infection which can be easily ignored. The first sign is painless chancre (a skin ulceration) in that particular area, which will disappear by itself, leaving the impression that the infection is gone. In fact, it persists for a period of time without offering any symptoms. Syphilis can be treated with antibiotics, however, if it`s left untreated, this infection can spread throughout the organism over several years and cause significant damage to internal organs.
Trichomonas vaginalis is a microscopic parasitic that causes the infection known as trichomoniasis, a common STD especially among young sexually active women. This infection can be treated with a small dose of antibiotic.
Human Papilloma Virus (HPV)
One of the most frequent STDs, this virus can infect the genital area, as well as the mouth and throat. The small forms of HPV can cause genital warts, while the ones with high risk may cause cervical cancer and other genital cancers. An early detection of this infection can reduce the risk of cancer. There`s a vaccine available on the market that prevents HPV.
Herpes simplex virus (HSV) causes regular outbreaks, recurrent injuries that occur in the genital area, and remains on the body of the infected person the entire life. However, there are anti-viral therapies available which may shorten the duration of symptoms.
The infection with Candida is treated with miconazole, clotrimazole, nystatin, terconasol, butoconazole or fluconazole.
This STD is caused by bacteria and is the most common infection in people living in tropical climates. Chancroid is a disease that can occur in anyone who had a sexual contact or touching the skin of an infected person, even if he doesn`t show any symptoms. Most infected women have no signs of chancroid. If the symptoms appear, they usually include the occurrence of small wounds, painful, surrounded by a red border, which develop from 3 to 7 days after the initial infection. It usually occurs on the vulva, vagina, cervix and inner thighs. It`s treatable with antibiotics.
It`s an extremely contagious disease caused by small mites that hide under the skin and deposit their eggs and faeces. The result is irregular folds on the skin and agonizing itching, especially at night. It can be transmitted through intercourse, but anyone who touches infested sheets, towels, clothing or furniture, can also be infected. Although it isn`t a severe disease, scabies can be very difficult to endure, and if untreated, it can persist for years. The parasite can be killed with creams, lotions or shampoos.
Hepatitis B and C
These are viral infections that can cause liver inflammation. They can be transmitted through sexual contact, although hepatitis C is most often transmitted by sharing contaminated needles or other equipment used to inject drugs. Both viruses can cause acute forms of the disease, usually leading only to the occurrence of some mild symptoms or they may even not be any symptoms. However, they may also evolve to a chronic form that causes severe liver damage for long periods of time. The treatment of chronic hepatitis includes antiviral drugs, but this type of treatment may have severe side effects. There`s a vaccine to prevent hepatitis B, but until now there wasn`t any vaccine for hepatitis C, although there`s a vaccine in the first stages of testing.
Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)
HIV causes the acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS). This virus attacks and destroys certain white blood cells (T-helper lymphocytes), which is an important part of the immune system. As the number of these cells is reduced, the body`s ability to fight infections decreases. This phenomenon leads in the end to death. Although there`s no cure for this infection yet, early detection allows treatment with anti-retroviral (ART therapies) that can help prolong life.
If you are infected with any of the above STDs, you need to inform your partner as soon as possible, so he can do all the proper tests and investigations as well and treat himself. In some states, public health workers are required to contact those with recent infection with Chlamydia or gonorrhea to ensure that they were treated, and to find the name of their sexual partners and tell them that they should do those tests as well.