The World of Pregnancy

Why Do People Get Circumcised?

Circumcision is a genital surgery that can be applied in both men and women.

Why Do People Get Circumcised

In the case of women, the term defines a broader set of surgeries on genital organs perceived, starting with the end of 1980s, when there were acts of female genital mutilation that took place.

What Does Circumcised Mean?

The “circumcision” term comes from Latin and means “cutting around.”

The circumcision of the male genital organs involves the partial or total removal, by excision, of the skin that covers the penis (known as foreskin – the retractable part of the skin that covers the head of the penis).

This skin has the role of protective shield for the penis, protecting it from irritations produced by urea, microbes, secretions and foreign materials. The foreskin protects the urethra`s meatus (the gland`s cut that is also used for urination) from various infections or injuries as well. Circumcision might include the excision of the frenulum or it can be performed as a single procedure. The result will be the complete disclosure of the gland.

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Being also the only mobile element of the penis, the foreskin interferes during the sexual act as well, facilitating sexual intercourse. Its structure includes lots of nerve endings that play a very important role in obtaining sexual pleasure, and its glands produce natural oils that help in both protecting the penile and the woman`s vagina.

Comparison: Circumcision in Women

Both the foreskin and clitoral fracture represent skin which protects the woman`s sexual organs, meaning the glans penis and clitoris. By covering these organs, it`s allowed the maintenance of a proper hydration level, protecting by microbes and facilitating a maximum of pleasure and sensitivity.

Excluding this particular protective tegument, these genital organs become external genital organs. They aren`t protected anymore and become hypersensitive to friction with skin, scrotum or textile materials. In time, these genitals lose their ability of providing natural lubrication and develop a protective layer by thickening the skin from the clitoris. This skin thickening leads then to a subtle sensitivity and even pleasure decrease. – Read more!

Circumcision in women is see as a genital mutilation because there`s no aesthetic or medical reason for this series of interventions can prove their necessity. More than that, they also involve the partial or total excision. This is practiced according to some ancient traditions and from religious reasons: ensuring fidelity and lack of sexual pleasure. Most of the times, these interventions are practiced in inhumane conditions, unhygienic and without proper medical instruments, adequate medical personnel or the consent of the actual person involved in circumcision.

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The consequences of a circumcision in women are pretty serious: severe sexual dysfunctions, infections, disorders involving the urinary and reproduction system.

Why Circumcision Is Such a Controversial Subject?

Due to the psychological association with conventional rituals and merciless religious practices, circumcision involving men has gained a lot of negative connotations. It`s true that circumcision is a very delicate topic and that at the beginning, everything involved painful practices, especially when talking about wars or before plastic surgery evolved.

However, the whole concept of circumcision need to be understood from a medical perspective, as a need for health, as a way of providing a normal life to those who suffer from various medical conditions, restorative penis procedures, etc.

Men frequently have urinary issues or fight with infections involving their foreskin (because of microbial factors gathered in its folds). A solution (which should be only by a specialist) might be circumcision, depending on the situation of every patient. Also, particular conditions might affect the normal life course and might even put in jeopardy the life of the patient (penile cancer).

A different controversy around circumcision is related to the sexual and aesthetic reasons men use when it comes to this genital surgery. Some men resort to it for better hygiene, other ones for intensifying sexual pleasure or because of the preference certain women have for a circumcised penis. All of these are only subjective reasons, which largely depend on the patient as well as on his partner`s sexual desires.

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An essential aspect to be remembered on this regard is that the foreskin is a segment of human tissue, which is perfectly harmless and healthy, and which is naturally attributed to the genetic of the human body, and any surgical removal of the foreskin needs to be supported with very strong arguments. No matter the personal choice, it`s required to be taken into consideration that circumcision is a surgery that involves a certain health risk and which is performed in a delicate area of the body that can affect a patient from both mentally and physically.

Why Do People Get Circumcised?

Circumcision in men is practiced with or without the consent of the respective person (in small children, it can be made from an early age, with the consent of the parents). The motivation to become a subject to this procedure can be cultural-religious, sexual, aesthetic or medical.

If the motivation of the respective individual is related to the culture or religion to which the person belongs, the foreskin together with frenulum may be completely excised, leaving the glans penis completely discovered. Male circumcision is mandatory when it comes to Jewish or Islamic countries, but it`s often applied by ancient Orthodox countries (Armenia, Syria or Ethiopia). In the United States and the Middle East, this procedure is very frequently encountered, but only with the express request of the actual person, especially for hygienic or aesthetic reasons, while for Australians, Europeans or Canadians is less encountered.

Medical issues can be another motivation source, and circumcision is taken into consideration in the therapeutic treatments of functional defects when the penis is involved. The most common functional defects are:

  • Phimosis: It`s the thinness of the foreskin which either doesn`t allow the penis to break off or if it allows it, strangles the glans penis, blocking the blood circulation, causing pain during sexual contact.

Phimosis might develop at birth or might be acquired throughout life.

However, be careful! At birth, boys have the foreskin and glans penis developed as a whole, frequently being closely linked. Still, this is diminishing as you age until around 3 years of age. There`s a small percentage of boys who get affected by true phimosis.

  • Paraphimosis is related to the inability of pulling back the foreskin on the glans penis. This may be caused by the tegument`s narrowing that should cover the gland following a trauma or inflammation. It`s advisable in this situation the application of the Burian method of circumcision. The main principle of this particular method is to remove just the narrow part of the foreskin as well as the restoration of the skin that remained.

This specific method needs a particular amount of skill and experience from the person performing the technique.

The alternatives of treatment for eliminating the circumcision option are a few stretching techniques and/or a few minimally-invasive surgical methods and creams based on steroids. – Check this web page!

  • Balanoposthitis: It`s an inflammation of the foreskin and gland. Allergic disorders (spermicide from condoms, soap, latex or powder), an inappropriate hygiene, a narrowed foreskin might cause the foreskin`s inflammation. This condition may affect a male of any age (most of them are 3 or 4 years old), and although it cannot be sexually transmitted, the bacteria which might cause it can (candida).

Another cause for damaging the foreskin is sexual activity. Your best option is to maintain a correct hygiene when it comes to your genitals.

Other issues that may involve the penis and might make circumcision needed are:

  • Short frenulum: it doesn`t allow complete erection of the penis or may cause cracks or pain of the frenulum during sexual contacts;
  • Skin illnesses like precancerous cancer.
  • Penile cancer.

Also as a medical motivation we can also remind about the argument related to the prophylactic character of circumcision: the risk of contracting sexually transmitted diseases, the prevention of UTIs and cervical cancer and penile cancer. Without being able to provide clear information (because of many controversies or medical and scientific evidence that in the end proved to be contradictory), it may seem that this particular prophylactic character only is present if circumcision is performed childhood.

Image courtesy of raisingchildren.net.au
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