What You Need to Know If You Get a Cold During Pregnancy
The cold is almost always unpleasant, especially when you are pregnant. There are more than 200 viruses that could lead to getting a cold, known in the medical world as an upper respiratory tract infection. When seasons change, a pregnant woman may get a cold because the pregnancy suppresses the immune system.
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Is Getting a Cold a Serious Issue during Pregnancy?
Dr. Isaac Mitchell from the Cleveland Clinic Medicine institute explains what complications might happen when getting a cold during pregnancy and which is the proper treatment.
“During pregnancy, the symptoms persist more than normally and this can become a threat for the mother and the baby, especially if complications might happen. Future mothers should pay attention to their diet and avoid medications that can affect the normal development of the fetus,” says dr. Isaac, obstetrics and gynecology expert.
The cold is a viral infection, meaning it can be transmitted when in contact with an infected person. The organism will put more effort to adapt to the new pregnancy changes and unfortunately, this may lead to an increased sensibility to diseases.
If you are in your first 12 weeks of pregnancy, a fever of over 38.5 Celsius degrees could lead to stopping the evolution of the pregnancy or even various abnormalities of the fetus. If these weeks pass, nose or throat infections can occur when getting colds which can also affect the baby.
The symptoms of a common cold might vary from stuffy nose to throat pain, sneezing, mild ear pain, headache or fatigue. If the cold is more severe, this can even lead to fever of over 39 Celsius degrees. Visiting the doctor in such situations is necessary to be sure the cold won`t develop into a more serious infection. You need to acknowledge that the cold is simply a defensive mechanism of the immune system, so hydration becomes very important during these periods. Through sweating you`ll eliminate the toxins from your body, so this is another natural healing process.
What to Do If You Get a Cold During Pregnancy?
Resting is the best thing you can do for you and your baby when you are getting a cold. Your organism is able to fight against these infections when you aren`t tired.
Hydration is also essential especially when you got a cold. On a daily basis, you need to drink at least 8 glasses of water, juice without sugar, or natural tea and lemon, which can also ease a possible throat pain.
Gargling using water with salt can also help in easing these pains that might come with the cold. It can also help with removing the mucus and comforting when feeling irritated.
A healthy diet with lots of vegetables and fruits can speed up the healing process. If you don`t feel like eating, try at least to consume 5 or 6 small meals during the entire day starting with simple foods, like homemade soaps with bread and juices that you make on your own from fresh fruits. Also, it`s very important to eat foods that usually fight against infections such as carrots, onions, bananas, chili or foods that contain vitamin C. When we get a cold, in our body will appear a lack of vitamins, especially vitamin C, so you need to consume lots of vegetables and fruits, preferably fresh.
Natural tea represents a remedy that helps with clearing the congested sinuses. You can try a nutritional treatment: you add a few drops of tea, peppermint or eucalyptus oil in a bowl with hot water, you place your face above the bowl and you cover your head with a towel.
Take Medications only when Prescribed by the Doctor
Some medications can affect the fetus. It`s strictly recommended to get advice from your doctor before using any medication. Most antihistamines and cough syrups shouldn`t be taken by pregnant women, except when the doctor prescribes them. They generally haven`t been tested with pregnant women, so they can have side effects that are very dangerous for the child. In most cases, it`s good to take paracetamol as a way to prevent minor pains.
Future mothers should avoid aspirin and ibuprofen. They have been tested and have shown side effects for the nervous system of the infant. A lot of antibiotics are safe during pregnancy, but some of them are not. If you aren`t sure, talk to your doctor to be certain you make the right decision for you and your baby`s health. The most important thing to do is to follow the instructions with the administration of any medication. If there aren`t any complications during your cold or flu, there are some natural remedies that you can try at home.
How to Avoid Catching a Cold Again
The things that you need to do to avoid getting a cold during pregnancy remain the same as before pregnancy. A balanced diet, regular physical exercises and a proper hygiene are the best methods through which you can improve your immunity and protect yourself from a possible cold.